Canada is huge. It has a total area of 9.9 million sq. km, including 755,170 sq. km of water. Canada touches three oceans – the Pacific, the Arctic, and the Atlantic, and its coastline is 243,791 kilometers long. Due to it’s size, it would be impossible to give you details about attractions and things like general hotel costs here. Instead, we’ve put together some useful information about visiting Canada in general and included links to pages specific to each province we have visited.
Visiting Canada- General Information
Most visitors to Canada need a visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization. If you have Canadian citizenship or have duel citizenship (between Canada and another country), you require a Canadian passport. To find out entry requirements for your specific home country, click HERE
Coming to Canada with a Tourist/Visitors visa will generally allow you to stay for a six (6) month period from the date of entry. To extend this time period you must apply a minimum of 30 days before the end of your stay. To find out more about visa extensions, click HERE
In Canada the standard voltage is 110-120 V (with a standard frequency of 60 Hz). If you’re visiting from outside North America, you will need a plug adapter or a converter to plug in electronics.
Adapter or Converter?
In general, an adapter is all you need for non-motorized appliances. Examples include camera chargers, phone chargers and laptops.
Appliances with a motor require a converter, such as a hairdryer or an electric razor. Converters can also be used as an adapter, so if you plan to buy a converter, there is no need to buy both products
In Canada, tips are (almost) never included in the price. Tips should depend on the quality of the goods or services received. However in restaurants, the custom in Canada is to give a tip equivalent to 15% of the total bill, before taxes. You can leave the tip on the table or give it directly to your waiter/waitress. Other examples of places you may want to tip are – taxis, hotel housekeeping, tour guides.
Depending on which province or territory you are visiting, the taxes you can expect to pay will change. Here is a quick reference grid for you:
|Canada’s Province||Rate type (HST, GST, PST)||Provincial rate||Canada rate||Total|
|British Columbia (BC)||GST+PST||7%||5%||12%|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||HST||10%||5%||15%|
|Prince Edward Island (PEI)||HST||10%||5%||15%|
|Québec||GST + QST||9.975%||5%||14.975%|
|Saskatchewan after march 23, 2017||GST + PST||6%||5%||11%|
|Saskatchewan||GST + PST||5%||5%||10%|